Every day brings new licensing reporting requirements that affect each licensee's renewal responsibilities. I reported in October 2015 of the Pennsylvania Nursing Board’s new mandatory reporting of just an arrest, not a conviction, for any misdemeanor or felony. The questions that have arisen since then range from how long will the renewal time period take to what disciplinary action can I expect.
Every Board is different with regard to how long it will respond to either renew a license or advise of the potential consequence. Each board website contains general admonishments on what documents to attached and the variety of reasons for their dilatory response. One consistent response is to always blame the applicant, licensee for improper or unclear documentation.
Statements such as "If you have previous criminal conviction(s) and/or discipline on another health license it will take longer to review your application. " None the less, every licensee can assist in the enforcement review by submitting the following so that a letter does not have to be mailed out requesting these items.
- letter of explanation
- certified arrest and court records or out of state discipline documents
- letters of reference
- current work performance evaluation
Conviction" includes a plea of no contest and any conviction that has been set aside or deferred pursuant to Sections 1000 or 1203.4 of the Penal Code, including infractions, misdemeanor, and felonies. It is not necessary to report a conviction for an infraction with a fine of less than $1,000 unless the infraction involved alcohol or controlled substances. However, any convictions in which a plea of no contest was entered and any convictions that were subsequently set aside pursuant or deferred pursuant to Sections 1000 or 1203.4 of the Penal Code must be disclosed. "License" includes permits, registrations, and certificates. "Discipline" includes, but is not limited to, suspension, revocation, voluntary surrender, probation, or any other restriction.The following information must be provided for each license discipline or conviction sustained:
- A detailed written explanation describing the circumstances and events that led to your arrest(s) and conviction(s), including: date and place of arrest; arresting agency; court where case was heard; and sentencing information, including fines, courses, counseling, restitution, probation, parole, community service, and jail or prison time.
- Documents relating to the arrest, such as: police report, arrest report, booking report, complaint, citation or ticket.
- Documents from the court, such as: Notice of Charges, Complaint, or Indictment; Plea Agreement, Sentencing Order, Probation Order, or Judgment; Dismissal, Probation Release, or Court Discharge.
- Any related mitigating evidence or evidence of rehabilitation that you want to provide.
In Pennsylvania, a Board-regulated practitioner who engages in unprofessional or immoral conduct is subject to disciplinary action under section 41 of the act (63 P. S. § 422.41). Unprofessional conduct includes, but is not limited to, the following relevant provision:
(19) Violating a provision of this chapter, Chapter 17 or Chapter 18 (relating to State Board of Medicine—medical doctors; or State Board of Medicine—practitioners other than medical doctors) fixing a standard of professional conduct.
(b) Immoral conduct includes, but is not limited to, the following:
(1) Misrepresentation or concealment of a material fact in obtaining a license or a certificate issued by the Board or a reinstatement thereof.
(2) The commission of an act involving moral turpitude, dishonesty or corruption when the act directly or indirectly affects the health, welfare or safety of citizens of this Commonwealth. If the act constitutes a crime, conviction thereof in a criminal proceeding is not a condition precedent to disciplinary action.
Disciplinary process is also available when a physician is convicted of a felony or being convicted of a misdemeanor relating to a health profession or receiving probation without verdict, disposition in lieu of trial or an Accelerated Rehabilitative Disposition in the disposition of felony charges, in the courts of this Commonwealth, a Federal court or a court of any other state, territory or country.
Moral turpitude" is not defined in the Pennsylvania’s Medical Practices Act but "is capable of being defined as evidenced by court decisions which determine that certain offenses are crimes involving moral turpitude." "[M]oral turpitude" as "anything done knowingly contrary to justice, [h]onesty, or good morals." A "[d]etermination of whether a crime involves moral turpitude turns on the elements of the crime, not on an independent examination of the details of the behavior underlying the crime. The Pennsylvania Supreme Court routinely defines moral turpitude to me anything done knowingly contrary to justice, honesty, or good morals. The terms “good moral character” and the “lack of moral turpitude” are used interchangeably to define each other in many cases. ‘Fraud’ certainly has acquired a peculiar and appropriate meaning in the law. Black’s Law Dictionary 594 (5th ed. 1979) defines fraud as any kind of artifice employed by one person to deceive another.
The provision that addresses reporting criminal conduct on a license application or renewal is more specific as to which offenses must be reported. Section 16.16 contains medical doctors' legal reporting responsibilities. There, reporting of disciplinary actions, criminal dispositions and other licenses, certificates or authorizations to practice for new applicants states:
(a) An applicant for a license, certificate or registration issued by the Board shall apprise the Board of any of the following:
(3) A finding or verdict of guilt, an admission of guilt, a plea of nolo contendere, probation without verdict, a disposition in lieu of trial or an accelerated rehabilitative disposition with respect to a felony offense or a misdemeanor offense relating to a health care practice or profession.
(b) Portions of applications provided by the Board will be reserved to assist applicants in meeting the reporting responsibilities enumerated in subsection (a).
(c) The reporting responsibilities enumerated in subsection (a) continue after the Board issues a license, certificate or registration. If, after the Board has issued a license, certificate or registration, any of the events in subsection (a) occur, the person shall report that matter to the Board in writing within 30 days after its occurrence.
Some Board’s have regulations that assist them determining which violations are substantially related to the applicant's license. In California, Title 16, California Code of Regulations, section 1444, states a conviction or act shall be considered to be substantially related to the qualifications, functions or duties of a registered nurse if to a substantial degree it evidences present or potential unfitness of a registered nurse to practice in a manner consistent with the public health, safety or welfare.
Please call me to discuss you license renewal issues or criminal conduct reporting responsibility.